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Spanish Cross

Useful Information
Honour Goblet
Flight Clasps
Pilot/Observer Badge
Pilot Badge
Observer Badge
Glider Badge
Radio Operator/Air Gunner Badge
Air Gunner/Flight Engineer Badge
Para Badge
Anti-Aircraft Badge
Ground Assault Badge
Spanish Cross
Iron Cross
Maker Marks
Cases of Issue
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The Spanish Cross was instituted on April 14th, 1939, and awarded on June 6th, of the same year, to recognize those German Forces who volunteered for service in the Spanish Civil War.
Hitler sent his Condor Legion to support General Franco against communism in Spain, and it was believed to give his troops combat experience for the coming invasion of Europe.
The Cross was worn on the right tunic pocket and ranked below the German Cross, if awarded.

The Spanish Cross was awarded in three classes, Bronze, Silver and Gold (there was also a special grade of Gold with Diamonds).
The bronzed and silver class came in two categories, with swords (combatant) and without swords (non-combatant).
The Gold were awarded only with swords.

To be awarded the Bronze (without swords) cross required:
Three months of service on Spanish soil or waters, no experience of combat required ( 7,869 awarded )
To be awarded the Silver (without swords) cross required:
As bronze but non-combatants who distinguished themselves ( 327 awarded )

The swords required front line combat, and the rank or action of the individual determined which class was awarded:
The Bronze (with Swords) required any action with the enemy ( 8,462 awarded )
The Silver (with Swords) for more extensive action ( 8,304 awarded )
The Gold (with Swords) for those who displayed exceptional bravery or achievement ( 1,126 awarded )
The Gold with Diamonds was presented to those with the highest achievements or leadership ( 28 awarded )

Below: The Spanish Cruz de Guerra.
Cruz de Guerra Awarded to Karl Hentschel JG77
Also awarded to German volunteers in Spain

Below: Rare Spanish Cross in Silver w/o Swords
Rare Spanish Cross in Silver without Swords